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The Teaching Paradigm Shift

The Teaching Paradigm Shift

Author: Aaron Mullally

Flipping your classroom requires a shift in traditional thinking about your role as a teacher and the design of your lessons. One of the major shifts in thinking is the growing importance of student-to-student interaction, while the teacher becomes more of a guide or facilitator in the learning process. By looking at a backwards design and SMART goals, you will be able to create specific learning objectives, meaningful formative and summative assessments, and engaging technology-based lessons for successful flipped teaching.

Introduce the SMART model for objective writing

Identify the difference between good and vague learning objectives

Demonstrate an understanding of having order (mapping) to the learning objectives

Write good, measurable learning objectives to incorporate into their flipped lesson on

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Teaching Paradigm Shift

This video will discuss how flipping the classroom will create a paradigm shift in your approach to planning and delivering lessons.

Source: Aaron Mullally

Overview of Flipped Lesson Planning

     Part of the paradigm shift that flipping lessons will create is how teachers lesson plan. Traditionally in education teachers plan lessons in this order: objectives, lecture, assessment. Teachers put together their learning objectives/outcomes, then they plan out how they will explain the material to the students through lecture and then finish off the planning process by coming up with assessments. The more typical assessments were exams and papers, with some group projects here thrown in the mix. When designing a flipped lesson it's important that teachers take a different approach since the entire delivery process is changing.

     Backward design is a lesson planning process that occurs in this order: objectives, assessment, lecture. It's always important to plan out objectives/outcomes first because they are the guideline to what we want our students to get out of the lesson. Objective writing in another sense is weeding out the necessary information from the not so necessary information. It's important to plan the assessment next because we are turning our students out on their own to listen to lectures. If our in-class assessment/activity isn't well thought out and weak, the flipped lesson will be as well. So immediately after you plan out your objectives create an assessment/activity that is a direct reflection of your objectives. Once you have the first two steps planned, then create the lecture media. This process will be easy because by now you'll have your thoughts well organized and the assessment/activity already planned out. All you have to do now is deliver to them the information that they need to be prepared for their assessment.

Source: Aaron Mullally

Overview of Flipped Lesson Planning

This video is an overview of how the basic components of flipped lesson planning.

Source: Aaron Mullally

Flipped Lesson Planning Slides

Source: Aaron Mullally

Learning Objective Writing

This is the critical first step in planning a flipped lesson. Creating good, measurable learning objectives/outcomes is important for both the teacher and students. Thinking and planning learning objectives/outcomes out benefits the teacher because he/she can organize their thoughts. The teacher will be able to put down on paper the specific information that the students need to know. Once the teacher creates his/her learning objectives it will be very easy to think about the assessment and how it ties into the created objectives/outcomes.

Learning objectives are important for the student in a flipped lesson because  they are a linear guide of how they will go through the lesson and the important information they'll get out of the lesson. Good objectives will also have the student well prepared for the assessment and should elminate the element of surprise. Teachers are not out to trick students, well they shouldn't be, so the more we can eliminate confustion the better. In the following video I'll discuss the SMART model of objective writing and how it will help teachers create good measurable objectives. Here is a good resource for SMART objective writing:

Source: Aaron Mullally

Learning Objective Writing for Flipped Lessons

This video covers the SMART model for learning objective writing

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