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The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears

Author: Dan Boyle
Description:

At the end of this tutorial, students will be able to:

  • discuss how Andrew Jackson became a national hero
  • describe the Indian Removal Act of 1830
  • describe the "Five Civilized Tribes"
  • discuss the case of Worcester v. Georgia
  • discuss why Andrew Jackson's decision to send the Cherokee 
  • describe the Trail of Tears

From the arrival of the first Europeans in North America, Amerindian tribes have always been on the wrong end of treaties. The Cherokee were no different.  Despite the fact that Supreme Court backed up their claim that they had a right to stay on their land in the Southeastern United States, President Andrew Jackson decided to ignore that ruling and move them to the western side of the Mississippi River.  During the subsequent forced march, called the Trail of Tears, 1 out of 4 members of the Cherokee died.

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Tutorial

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 (Screencast-O-Matic Version)

A look at the steps taken by President Andrew Jackson to remove the "Five Civilized Tribes" from their land in the Southeastern United States

The Removal of Amerindians from the United States Southeast (YouTube Version)

A look at the steps taken to remove the "Five Civilized Tribes," but particularly the Cherokee, from the Southeastern United States. This includes a look at the case of Worcester v. Georgia.

The Trail of Tears (Screencast-O-Matic Version)

A brief look at the forced march made by the Cherokee from their ancestral homeland in the Southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma

The Trail of Tears (YouTube Version)

A brief look at the forced march made by the Cherokee from their ancestral homeland in the Southeastern United States to what is now Oklahoma

Trail of Tears Fishbowl Activity

When you come to class tomorrow, you will be a part of a "fishbowl" activity.  Here is how it will happen:

  1. You will be placed into one of four groups: Executive Branch, Judicial Branch, Christian Missionaries, Cherokees who are resisting removal
  2. Each group will receive the same six handouts.
  3. Your group will work to prepare one member of your group to participate in a debate and attempt to reach a consensus on what should happen to the Cherokee.  These
  4. As the debate goes on in an inner circle, the other members of the group may pass notes to the person inside the fishbowl, but you may not speak

We will then look at various points of the debate and see what kinds of conclusion we can come to.

Source: Chandler, Prentice T. "Manifest Destiny and Competing Voices on the Eve of the Cherokee Removal." Social Education 75.3 (May/June 2011): 153-57. Print.