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Tints, Tones & Shades

Tints, Tones & Shades

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In this lesson, you will learn to define and categorize the tints, tones and shades of a color.

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Tutorial

Source: All Images by Mario

Video Transcription

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Hi, everyone. My name is Mario, and I'd like to welcome you to today's lesson on tint, tones, and shades. So in today's lesson, we'll learn to define and categorize tint, tones, and shades of a color. So feel free throughout this lesson to pause, fast forward, and rewind as you see fit. And when you're ready to go, let's get started.

OK, so let's jump right into tint, tone, and shade. And tint in the subtractive color system is a hue plus white, which lightens the value of a color. So here's a tint. And you can see in this example, we have two hues. And you have your base color up top. And it gets lighter as you add more and more white.

Now, a tone in the subtractive color system is a hue plus gray, which mutes the color. So you can see, again we have our tone here. And as you add gray, it starts to mute the color. And it kind of starts to lose its vibrancy as it progresses again towards that gray.

A shade in the subtractive color systems is a hue plus black, which darkens the value of a color. So if we jump back to our example, we have our base color again. And as you add black, it gets darker.

So pretty simple, right? You add white, it gets lighter. You add gray, it gets muted and kind of mucky. And if you add black, it gets darker. So tint, tone, and shade.

And with this, there's a couple of other color schemes we'll mention, like monochromatic, which is a color scheme based on just one hue plus its tints and shades. So in this example, the base color is the third green from the left, which is this one here. And on the left side of that, white has been added to lighten the color. And to the right of it, black has been added to darken it. So one hue, then tints and shades to make up this monochromatic color scheme.

When there's no discernible hue, it's called achromatic. And at this point, it's really just going through a scale of white to black, like a grayscale. And a grayscale is a multi-step arrangement of swatches of achromatic grays. And each step in a grayscale represents an even progression in value from black to white.

So nothing fancy going on here. You can see our grayscale is equal steps going from white to black, or black to white.

Now, it's worth noting that both of the schemes can be used across professions like photography. So here we have achromatic. Monochromatic here, just a single hue with tints and shades. And video games as well. So you can see, really these color schemes can really be used across all professions.

Well, that ends today's lesson for today. We'll conclude with our key terms, tint, tone, shade, monochromatic, achromatic, and grayscale.

So I hope you've enjoyed today's quick lesson. My name is Mario, and I will see you next lesson.

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Tint

    In the subtractive color system, a hue plus white which lightens the value of a color.

  • Tone

    In the subtractive color system, a hue plus gray which mutes the color.

  • Shade

    In the subtractive color system, a hue plus black which darkens the value of a color.

  • Monochromatic

    A color scheme based on just one hue plus its tints and shades

  • Achromatic

    Having no discernible hue.

  • Gray Scale

    A multi-step arrangement of swatches of achromatic grays; Each step in a gray scale represents an even progression in value, from white to black.