Types of Piping Systems

Types of Piping Systems

Author: Kelly Nordstrom

Provide a structure for Text Tutorial Authors to use.

See More
Try a College Course Free

Sophia’s self-paced online courses are a great way to save time and money as you earn credits eligible for transfer to over 2,000 colleges and universities.*

Begin Free Trial
No credit card required

28 Sophia partners guarantee credit transfer.

263 Institutions have accepted or given pre-approval for credit transfer.

* The American Council on Education's College Credit Recommendation Service (ACE Credit®) has evaluated and recommended college credit for 25 of Sophia’s online courses. More than 2,000 colleges and universities consider ACE CREDIT recommendations in determining the applicability to their course and degree programs.

Wastewater treatment may involve machinery that requires installation and repair. It is critical to understand how to recognize hazardous water and the process required to apply required treatment:
  1. Primary Stage of Wastewater Treatment
  2. Secondary Stage of Waster Treatment
  3. How to Identify Repair Needs within the Grit Chamber

1. Wastewater Treatment: Primary Stage

The primary stage of wastewater treatment involves inflow of raw water that enters the grit chamber. This section filters sand, chemicals, and biosolids.


As you can see in the image above, inflow is passed through the grit chamber and into the sedimentation tank. It is important to understand that alkalinity is what is measured to decipher...

The measure of substances ability to neutralize acid. Water containing carbonates, bicarbonates, hydroxides. Alkaline substances have a pH value of 7+.
Grit Chamber
Narrow tanks designed to slow down the flow so that solids such as sand, coffee grounds, and eggshells will settle out of the water. Grit causes excessive wear and tear on pumps and other plant equipment.

A residential neighborhood is across from a corporate business with a separate sewer system. The 'alkalinity' value is at 12 when measuring from the business, however..


You are assigned to treat water for a residential neighborhood with a separate sewer system. You need to identify the sanitary sewer and determine the location of the catch basin/storm sewer. The wastewater treatment plant is experiencing a leak and you anticipate a breakdown of the grit chamber. Etc,
  • point one
  • point two
  • point three
File:3680-bbbbv.png this is where the in context ends.

2. Section Header Two

Text from transcript will be pasted here. Text from transcript will be pasted here. Text from transcript will be pasted here. Text from transcript will be pasted here.

2a. Subheader
Text for this needs indentation, which is why there are two colons in front of this text.

Your summary text goes here. Be sure to bold your section headers. For example, section header one would be bolded in the summary for this template.

Source: This work is adapted from Sophia author Ian McConnell.