Unit V Speech AH Choose a president from this unit (George Washington to John Quincy

Unit V Speech AH Choose a president from this unit (George Washington to John Quincy

Author: Emma Drink


Unit V Speech AHChoose a president from this unit (George Washington to John Quincy Adams) and write a two-page publicaddress/speech that covers a minimum of two important issues (at least one covering a military issue and one ongovernment evolution) that took place during that president’s term(s). Your speech will need to be in APA style.The American Promise: A Concise History:Chapter 9: The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800, pp. 226-233 and 236Chapter 10: Republicans in Power, 1800-1824, pp. 245-246, 248, 254-257, and 259260Reading the American Past: Selected Historical Documents:Chapter 9: The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800, docs. 9-1, 9-2, 9-3, 9-4, and 9-5Chapter 10: Republicans in Power, 1800-1824, docs. 10-1, 10-2, 10-3, 10-4, and 10-5UNIT V STUDY GUIDE“The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.” (Jefferson,T., 1787, Jefferson to W. S. Stephens)With the ratification debate finally settled, the modern American government officially began with theinauguration of George Washington in 1789, hero of American independence, as its first chief executive.In other ways, the 1790s would serve as a key turning point in the face of the young nation. First of all,while some leaders like Washington, Jefferson, and Adams moved into new political employment, otherFounding Fathers had passed on; perhaps most notable was Benjamin Franklin. As an entrepreneur,philosopher, abolitionist, political activist, diplomat, ambassador, and inventor, he was truly a Renaissanceman at the heart of the new nation’s development; his death in 1790 drew attention and respect fromdignitaries on both sides of the Atlantic. James Madison wrote of Franklin, “I never passed half an hour inhis [Franklin’s] company without hearing some observation or anecdote worth remembering" (as cited in“Benjamin Franklin,” 2010, para 3).Accompanying Washington in the new executive branch would be an unlikely and volatile mesh ofpersonalities, including four founding cabinet members: Thomas Jefferson (secretary of state), AlexanderHamilton (secretary of the treasury), Henry Knox (secretary of war), and Edmund Randolph (attorneygeneral). John Jay, one of the co-authors of the Federalist Papers, was also named chief justice, but thatwas a position normally not associated with the cabinet. John Adams, who gained only half as many votesas Washington in the election, was therefore named vice president but was not officially considered partof the cabinet. In fact, at this early juncture, the responsibilities of this office were vague at best. Adamswas openly dismissive of his position, and as a true son of British upbringing, felt that the office of thepresident should be considered on par with royalty—a belief not shared by many others in the capitol city,including Washington himself. Adams would be quoted as calling his new position “the most insignificantoffice that ever the invention of man contrived or his imagination conceived” (as cited by The WhiteHouse, n.d.). As the new government grew, the office would develop more specific duties, such aspresider over the Senate—a job similar to the president under the Articles of Confederation.With the new titles and responsibilities, and with the changing of the political guard from elder statesmento younger leaders, a new spirit began to emerge throughout the capitol. Starting with the Federalists,who no longer needed to plead their ratification rhetoric, their success granted not only political influencebut also ambition. Probably the best known of the Federalist Papers authors, Hamilton was perhaps themost aggressively vocal—to a point where his brash views irritated even his allies. His most stern

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