Your Spanish will sound much more advanced once you are able to combine two verbs. You will also drastically increase the number of things you are able to communicate. Consider how you naturally combine verbs in English.
EXAMPLEYou need to fill out this form. You should take this medicine with water. Can you return at 4:00?
When you combine two verbs in Spanish, simply conjugate (change) the first verb and leave the second verb in the infinitive. The first verb will almost always be one of the following:
|Verb||Example Sentence||English Translation|
|deber||Usted debe tomar la medicina tres veces cada día.||You should take the medicine three times a (each) day|
|necesitar||Usted necesita tomar la medicina con agua.||You need to take the medicine with water.|
|poder||¿Puede usted volver a las cuatro?||Can you return at four?|
|querer||Yo quiero explicar a usted esta medicina.||I want to explain to you this medicine.|
|tener||Yo tengo que llamar a la doctora.||I have to call the doctor.|
Note that when using the verb "tener" with another verb, you must put que (pronounced "kay") after "tener."
1a. Making a Request
The most polite way of making a request in Spanish is to use the word pudiera, which means could you (please).
EXAMPLE"¿Pudiera llenar esta forma?" means "Could you please sign this form?"
You can also say favor de, which literally translates to favor of. Simply put an infinitive after it.
EXAMPLE"¿Favor de llenar esta forma?" also means "Could you please fill out this form?"
You can also use some very general expressions to express similar sentiments. Again, just add an infinitive.
|Expression||Example Sentence||English Translation|
|es necesario||Es necesario tomar toda la medicina.||It is necessary to take all of the medicine.|
|es importante||Es importante no beber el alcohol con esta medicina.||It is important to not drink alcohol with this medicine.|
|es posible||¿Es posible recoger la receta hoy?||Is it possible to pick-up the prescription today?|
Source: This content has been adapted from "Pharmacy Spanish" by Stephanie Langston.