These tools will help students review and reflect on what is learned during class. This is where students can go if they are absent and need to catch up on classwork.
Physical Education Standard grade 7 5.4 Evaluate the effect of expressing encouragement to others while participating in a group physical activity.
Physical Education Standard grade 7 1.1 Demonstrate mature techniques for the following patterns: overhand, sidearm, and underhand throwing ; catching; kicking/punting; striking; trapping; dribbling (hand and foot); volleying.
The following is a list of rules and terms used commonly in soccer. After reading through the handout and reviewing the powerpoint from class answer the quiz questions to the right.
Soccer is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players each. It is a ball game played on a rectangular grass or artificial turf field, with a goal at each of the short ends. The object of the game is to score by maneuvering the ball into the opposing goal. In general play, the goalkeeper is the only player allowed to use their hands or arms to propel the ball; the rest of the team usually use their feet to kick the ball into position, while they may also occasionally use their torso or head to intercept a ball in mid air. The team that scores the most goals by the end of the match wins. If the score is tied at the end of the game, either a draw is declared or the game goes into extra time and/or a penalty shootout, depending on the format of the competition.
Basic Soccer Position Terms
In the sport of soccer, each of the eleven players on a team is assigned to a particular position on the field of play. A team is made up of one goalkeeper and ten outfield players who fill various defensive, midfield and attacking positions depending on the formation deployed. These positions describe both the player's main role and their area of operation on the field.
Backs – Refers to defenders.
Defender – A player who works mainly in the defensive third of the field. They are primarily focused on stopping the opposition’s attackers from scoring.
Forward – A player who is responsible for most of a team's scoring. They play in front of the rest of their team (or in the attaching third of the field) where they can take most of the shots.
Fullback – a rear defender.
Goalkeeper or Keeper or Goalie – The player positioned directly in front of the goal who tries to prevent shots from crossing the goalline; the only player allowed to use their hands and arms, though only within the 18-yard penalty area.
Midfielder – A player generally positioned in the middle third of the field between the forwards and defenders. Their job is to link the defense and the offense through ball control and passing. They play both an attacking role and a defensive role.
Striker – Generally the same as a forward, though it sometimes refers to a forward that is his team’s primary scoring threat.
Sweeper – Not always used. In some formations, a single defender that plays closest to their own goal behind the rest of the defenders; a team's last line of defense in front of the goalkeeper.
Basic Rules of Soccer
Kick-off: After a goal is scored and at the start of each half the ball is kicked off from the middle of the field. The defending team starts on their half and must stay outside the center circle area until kickoff. The ball must move forward for a kickoff to be valid and the kicker cannot touch it again until someone else does.
Substitutions: in our league you can sub on your team's throw-ins, on any goal kick, and during a kick off: you have to yell "sub ref" loud so the referee can hear you
1. No Hands, please
I bet you knew that one. Most people who know nothing about soccer still know that you aren’t supposed to use your hands unless you’re the goalie. A couple of points to clarify. First, the rule for a hand ball includes using any part of the body from the tips of the fingers to the shoulder. Second, the proper way to look at this soccer rule is that a player cannot “handle” the ball. A ball that is kicked and hits a player’s hand or arm is not a hand ball. This means that the referee must use his or her own judgment to some extent in determining whether or not a hand ball is accidental contact or a purposeful attempt to gain an advantage.
Believe it or not, there is also a situation in which the goalie cannot use his/her hands. This is sometimes called the back-pass rule. Goalkeepers cannot pick up a pass that came directly from one of their teammates. In this case, the goalkeeper must use his feet. Infraction of this soccer rule will result in an indirect kick from the point of the infraction.
A throw-in is taken when the ball crosses a sideline and leaves the field. The two basic soccer rules for a proper throw-in are to have both feet on the ground and to throw the ball with both hands over the head.
3. Corner Kicks & Goal Kicks
A corner kick or goal kick is taken when the ball leaves the field across the endline. If the offensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a goal kick. If the defensive team kicks it out, play is restarted with a corner kick. The goal kick is taken from anywhere inside the “goalie box” as it is affectionately called. It can be taken by any player, not just the goalkeeper.
The corner kick is taken from – yes, you guessed it – the corner nearest to where the ball left the field.
You may be confused at times in youth/recreational soccer games to see a goal kick retaken. This is because the FIFA soccer rules state that the ball is not back “in play” until it leaves the penalty area, the large box outside of the “goalie box”. No one can touch the ball until it leaves the penalty area, and if the ball is not kicked properly to leave the area, the kick must be retaken.
The common rule of thumb on fouls is “If it looks like a foul, it probably is.” Too true. A player cannot kick, trip, jump at, charge, strike, push, hold, or spit at an opponent. However, soccer can be a physical, contact sport when two opposing players both want the soccer ball. What you need to know is that bumping or going shoulder-to-shoulder while competing for a ball is not a foul until the hands or elbows come up. This is a bit of a judgment call and not all referees will call it the same way. Some soccer rules are actually not black-and-white. Remember though, the referee is ALWAYS right.
This slideshow was shown during class time. If you were absent or need a quick reminder during the unit please look back and study the slideshow.
This is a drill we will be doing in class, please watch and review to be prepared for this unit of class.
Source: Soccer Training - Passing Drills 1. (n.d.). Retrieved October 3, 2015.