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Weight & Width

Weight & Width

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Description:

In this lesson you will learn to distinguish and name different type weights and widths.

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Tutorial

What's Covered

So in this lesson, you're going to learn to distinguish and name different type of weights and widths. Specifically, this lesson will cover:

  1. Type Weight
  2. Type Width

1. Type Weight

Type weight is the thickness of a letter stroke. So you can see in the image below, you have Light, Regular, and Bold, and each one has different weight, or thickness.

Terms to Know

    • Type Weight
    • The thickness of a letter stroke.
    • Regular
    • The normal weight of a typeface.
    • Light
    • A weight of a typeface that is thinner than regular.
    • Bold
    • A weight of a typeface that is thicker than regular.

So Light is a weight of a typeface that is thinner than Regular. Regular is the normal weight of a typeface. Bold is going to be a weight of a typeface that is thicker than Regular.

Now, if you look at the example above of the Arial type family, you can see each one has its own defined type weight. Notice here, the names will often correspond to the weight and width of the typeface. So terms for type weight and width are added to the type family name to create the full typeface name. It's also worth noting that even if the term Regular isn't part of a typeface name, that it's typically implied.


2. Type Width

Type width looks at expanded and condensed text.

Terms to Know

    • Expanded
    • Part of a typeface name that describes width. Expanded typefaces take up more space along the baseline.
    • Condensed
    • Part of a typeface name that describes width. Condensed typefaces take up less space along the baseline.

As you can see in the example below, expanded typefaces take up more space along the baseline and condensed typefaces take up less space on the baseline.

Designers can actually use a command called set width in computer graphics applications.

Term to Know

    • Set Width
    • A command in a computer graphics application that condenses or expands type along the baseline.

This command will condense or expand type along the baseline.  

It's best practice to buy the expander or condensed members of a type family, as opposed to using the set width command in a computer graphics program. Condensed extended members of a type family are still thoughtfully crafted and designed, so
you're going to end up with different results

Summary


That concludes today's lesson on type weight and width. This lesson looked specifically at the differences between regular, bold, and light. It also examined the computer command set width that helps designers create expanded or condensed text.

Keep up the learning and have a great day!

Source: SOURCE: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR MARIO E. HERNANDEZ

TERMS TO KNOW
  • Type Weight

    The thickness of a letter stroke.

  • Regular

    The normal weight of a typeface.

  • Light

    A weight of a typeface that is thinner than regular.

  • Bold

    A weight of a typeface that is thicker than regular.

  • Set Width

    A command in a computer graphics application that condenses or expands type along the baseline.

  • Expanded

    Part of a typeface name that describes width. Expanded typefaces take up more space along the baseline.

  • Condensed

    Part of a typeface name that describes width. Condensed typefaces take up less space along the baseline.