White Blood Cells

White Blood Cells

Author: Nathan Lampson

This lesson will describe how white blood cells play a role in defending our body's defense.

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Source: Video Images: Lymphocyte; Public Domain http://bit.ly/M7Kj28 Monocyte; Public Domain http://bit.ly/X1sQQQ Macrophage; Public Domain http://bit.ly/11ex6vM Neutrophil; Public Domain http://bit.ly/11exiuQ Eosinophil; Public Domain http://bit.ly/Y6KLr1 Basophil; Public Domain http://bit.ly/X1tkGB

Terms to Know
  • Basophils

    Basophils store the chemicals heparin and histamine and are used to promote inflammation (example: allergies). Basophils are distinguished by their s-shaped nucleus and large granules.

  • Eosinophils

    Eosinophils attack parasites that enter the body (example: worms) and are distinguished by their bi-lobed nucleus.

  • Granulocytes

    A term used to classify white blood cells by their visible granules in their cytoplasm.

  • Leukocytes

    Are also called white blood cells, leukocytes are the immune system/defense cells of the body. There are five major types of leukocytes in the body: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, lymphocytes.

  • Lymphocytes

    There are two types of lymphocytes, T & B cells; lymphocytes are responsible for carrying out specific immune responses and primarily attack cells (cancers, virally infected cells).

  • Monocytes

    Monocytes are circulating phagocytes that are more than likely on their way to migrating into tissues throughout the body. Monocytes adapt to their tissue environments and look different than in the circulating blood once they migrate into tissues. Monocytes are classified by their large, horseshoe shaped nucleus.

  • Neutorphils

    Also called first responder cells, neutrophils attack bacteria invaders that enter the body. Neutrophils are distinguished by their 3-5 lobed thin, horseshoe shaped nucleus.

  • White Blood Cells

    Are also called leukocytes, white blood cells are the immune system/defense cells of the body. There are five major types of white blood cells in the body: neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, monocytes, lymphocytes.