Drawing is one of the simplest types of artwork. Children learn to draw long before they learn to write; therefore, it is arguably very intuitive for us. It is the easiest to begin. Pen, ink, charcoal, pastel, and graphite are just a few of the common methods of drawing, or rendering, works on paper.
Here is an example of a drawing using pastels:
Below is one more example of a drawing, this time using charcoal.
Printmaking refers to the art of making multiple impressions, usually ink impressions, on paper or a piece of artwork from one physical, original plate made of a solid material, such as wood or metal. These impressions are not considered copies. Instead they are considered original works of art due to the fact that all the impressions originate from the same source.
There are two different types of producing prints: relief and intaglio. Relief involves an image being carved out of a solid medium, such as wood (a woodblock) or metal. Like an ink stamp, the image rises above the medium. The ink is spread over the raised image and pressed onto a surface, most commonly a sheet of paper, to create the impression of the image.
This next image shows the process that takes place. The solid block on the left is covered in ink and stamped or pressed onto the piece of paper, leaving the image there.
The second type of printmaking is intaglio. Even though intaglio produces a similar result as relief, it’s a much different process. Instead of being a raised block in relief, the image is carved, or sunken, into a solid medium such as metal or wood. The recesses of the carving are filled with ink, and then the piece of paper is pressed onto the image.
The reservoir is filled with ink, and the piece of paper is then pressed on to the metal block, leaving the image on the paper.
The third type of work of art on paper is photography. The process of producing a photograph looks very different today with digital cameras than it did originally with traditional cameras. Photosensitive chemicals, such as silver chloride, which was used originally in this process, react with light to capture an image. The image is then transferred to paper.
If you are wondering why photography is considered art, remember that even in photography the image is manipulated by the artist in some way. An example of this is a photographer asking for the subjects to smile before taking the photograph. The subject matter is left to interpretation by the viewer.
Source: THIS WORK IS ADAPTED FROM SOPHIA AUTHOR IAN MCCONNELL.